Tuesday, 6 March 2018

Everything You Need To Know about IVF

Infertility became a common phenomenon in these days, around 1 in 6 couples are affected. 5% of the infertile couples turn to IVF to help them conceive. That means 1 in 50 babies are now born using IVF. IVF or in vitro fertilization is the joining of egg and sperm in a laboratory dish. Healthy ova and sperms are collected from the infertile couples. After the formation of the embryo, it is transferred into the uterus.

Fertility pills or hormones may be prescribed for the couples to stimulate follicle production, to stimulate the ovaries so multiple eggs can be gathered. This increases the chance of fertilization, pregnancy, and a live birth.


Causes of Infertility:

The cause of infertility may be related with woman in 40%, man in 40%, 20% resulting from a combination of both. According to the WHO, 3.9 to 16.8% of the Indian population suffers from infertility.

Male infertility causes include:

The inability of a  male to cause pregnancy in a female is referred to male infertility. Approximately 7% of all men is infertile. It is commonly due insufficiency of semen and semen quality. Small, lack of sufficient volume of ejaculate or difficulty during ejaculation, unhealthy sperms, low mobility of sperm, infections, tumors, undescended testicles are the main causes of male infertility. Hormonal imbalance and certain medications sometimes cause infertility.

Female infertility causes:

Infertility of female is the inability to become pregnant and give birth to a healthy child. After 12 months of unprotected sexual intercourse, if the female is not able to get pregnant, it is considered to be female infertility. Secondary infertility is the inability of a woman to get pregnant or give birth when there was a previous live birth. Age may be a reason for infertility in woman because it naturally tends to decrease. Damage to fallopian tubes or uterus, problem with ovulation, thyroid gland problems, excess weight gain, urinary tract infections, stress, cysts and tumors in the reproductive parts, eating disorders, endometriosis, PCOS are the main reasons for female infertility.

When to consult an infertility specialist

After 12 months of conscious trying to conceive, it is better to seek medical check-up to discover the underlying cause. If you can't conceive naturally you can consider In Vitro Fertilization. IVF treatment has high success rate and it helps you to get your dreams come true. The success rate of IVF treatment depends on maternal age, causes of infertility, and lifestyle.

AIIM and ARC together provides awareness programs on infertility and it's treatment options for the childless couple and public.

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